Jurnal Ekonomi, Vol 13, No 1 (2008)

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PRODUKTIVITAS TOTAL, PERMINTAAN DAN ALOKASI TENAGA KERJA PADA SEKTOR INDUSTRI MANUFAKTUR LAMPUNG (DALAM KERANGKA MINIMISASI BIAYA)

Ida Budiarty

Abstract


The objective of this research is to find out these following maters: the effect of productivity toward demand and allocation of labor in Lampung manufacturing industrial. The research model uses the translog specific model with cost minimize framework. The data from BPS in Lampung manufacturing industri survey from 1993 until 2003. Analyzing the variables by uses SAS V8 program. The research result shows decreasing in productivity that effect implements decrease of the share of production factors. This is condition brings about the difficulty of the firm to expand production scale and technological progress. The result also shows that decrease in economic of scale indicates the production of scale enlarge. Moreover, the labor absorption decreases, while capital goods increase. The substitution principle could be done to keep cost minimization production process. The calculation of partial elasticity substitution between labor production and capital goods shows the highest substitution capability. Therefore, the proportion allocation of production inputs have changed from 1993 to 2003 in manufacturing industrial Lampung Province.

 


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